|Vatican and Tiber|
Vatican city has been officially Vatican City State, the smallest country in the world, surrounded by walls and surrounded by the city of Rome. With an area of 0.44 km2 with a population of about 800 inhabitants, in both the categories it is the smallest country in the world.
Vatican City State was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on February 11th 1929. Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state ruled by the Bishop of Rome - Pope. The Vatican is the center of the Catholic Church and its leader Pope. Vatican City State has its own flag which made up two fields, vertically divided in half: The yellow half flies alongside the flagpole, while the white half bears the papal tiara and crossed keys.
Here is well known Swiss Guard. It is a Swiss mercenary regiments which served in the armies of many European countries since the Middle Ages. Nowadays Papal Swiss Guard is the only remnant of the former Swiss military tradition because the Swiss constitution, except for the Vatican, no longer allows the recruitment of its citizens in foreign troops.
Papal Swiss Guard is responsible for the security of the Apostolic Palace, Vatican City, but also for the security of the Pope.
To be continued......