Thursday, 25 September 2014

Rome part II

Colosseum – Colosseo 

We walked further as way led us and finally reached the Colosseum. Its original name is Flavian Amphitheatre, and it is one of the finest examples of Roman architecture in history. It has been included on the list of world wonders. It was the scene of bloody gladiator fights and fights with animals. This space at that time could accommodate about 50,000 spectators. According to some records, there were held (rarely but) even a sea battle with real ships, and for that occasion the Colosseum was completely filled with water. It was top quality organization so that, in case of fire, the whole place could be emptied in about ten minutes. There was also a 80 inputs / outputs,  4 were for the emperor and the political elite, while the others were for the people.

Constantine Triumphal Arch 

Constantine's Triumphal Arch is the largest well preserved Triumphal Arch in Rome, situated next to the famous Colosseum. Its height is 21 meters 25.9 meters wide and 7.4 meters deep. It dates from 315, when it was erected to commemorate Constantine's victory over Maxentius from 312 years. It was a battle at the Milivian bridge.

Forum Romanum - Roman Forum 

Forum Romanum was the center from the political to the economic, cultural and religious life of ancient Rome. Forum includes all the building, monuments and remains of ancient ruins. In the Roman times, the Forum was an urban area. There was a place where they were kept an eternal flame - Temple of the Vestal Virgins. Vestal virgins were Roman priestesses. They were chose by the emperor at the age of 6-10 years. Being chosen was a great honor and the duty meant great privileges, the privileges that weren't available to other women. This duty lasted 30 years and in that period priestesses had to live in virginity and their main duty was to keep the eternal flame in the temple on the Forum Romanum.

The legend says that the parents of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome were vestal Rhea Silvia and the god of war Mars.

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